Logo for Climate Social Science Network (CSSN)


Christopher Gore

Toronto Metropolitan University (formerly Ryerson University)

Based in

North America

Christopher studies policy, administration and governance of climate change, energy provision, infrastructure & technology choice, cities, agriculture and natural resources in sub-Saharan Africa and Canada. He’s particularly interested in how local, city, national and global policy, practices and norms converge and conflict, especially in relation to access to energy and climate change. Recent publications focus on electricity access, cities and climate change, agriculture and technology, and urban policy leadership in East Africa. Past work has examined cities and climate change in Canada and the United States.

Country(ies) of Specialty

Canada Kenya Uganda

Focus areas of expertise

Climate policy and politics Climate Justice Renewable energy Agriculture

How to Connect



Gore, Christopher. 2022. The politics of the internet and social media in Africa: Three bases of knowledge for advancing research. Canadian Journal of African Studies.

Gore, Christopher. 2021. Cities and the Environment in sub-Saharan Africa: An Agency-Centred Research Agenda. In Oxford Handbook of Comparative Environmental Politics, edited by Jeannie Sowers, Stacy D. VanDeveer, and Erika Weinthal. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Schnurr, Matthew, Lincoln Addison, Sylvia Bawa, Christopher Gore. 2021. Genetically Modified Crops and Gender Relations in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A Critical Review. Journal of Development Perspectives, 4(1-2), pp. 9-22.

Addison, Lincoln, Matthew Schnurr, Christopher Gore, Sylvia Bawa, Sara Mujabi-Mujuzi. 2021. Women’s Empowerment in Africa: Critical Reflections on the Abbreviated Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index (A-WEAI). African Studies Review, 64(2), pp. 276-291.

Christopher D. Gore. 2019. Agency and climate governance in African cities: Lessons from urban agriculture. In Urban Climate Politics, Jeroen van der Heijden, Harriet Bulkeley, Chiara Certomà (eds). Cambridge University Press.

Christopher D. Gore, Jennifer Brass, Elizabeth Baldwin, Lauren MacLean. 2019. “Political Economy and Resistance in Electricity Sector Liberalization in Africa.” World Development, 120, pp. 193-209.

Christopher D. Gore. 2018. “How African Cities Lead: Urban Policy Innovation and Agriculture in Kampala and Nairobi.” World Development, 108, pp. 169-180.

Christopher D. Gore. 2017. “Electricity in Africa: The Politics of Transformation.” London: James Currey.

Lauren MacLean, Christopher Gore, Jennifer Brass, Elizabeth Baldwin. 2016. “Expectations of power: the politics of state-building and access to electricity provision in Ghana and Uganda.” Journal of African Political Economy & Development, 1(1).

Sarah Mills & Christopher Gore. 2016. “Comparison of public and elite opinions on environmental federalism, State and Local Government Review,” 48(3): 165-174.

Christopher D. Gore. 2015. “Climate Change Adaptation and African cities: Understanding the Impact of Government and Governance on Future Action.” In The Urban Climate Challenge. Rethinking the Role of Cities in the Global Climate Regime, edited by Craig Johnson, Noah Toly and Heike Schroeder. New York: Routledge, pp. 205-226.

Pamela J. Robinson and Christopher Gore. 2015. “Municipal climate reporting: Gaps in monitoring and implications for governance and action“, Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, 33(5): 1058-1075.

Peter Johnson, John Corbett, Christopher Gore, Pamela Robinson, Patrick Allen, Renee Sieber. 2015. “Web of expectations: Evolving Relationships in Community Participatory Geoweb Projects“, ACME: An International E-journal for Critical Geographies, 14:3: 827-848.

Matthew Schnurr and Christopher Gore. 2015. “Getting to ‘Yes’: Governing Genetically Modified Crops in Uganda“, Journal of International Development, 27: 55-72.

Beth Savan & Christopher Gore. 2015. ‘Translating strong principles into effective practice: environmental assessment in Ontario, Canada’, Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 58:3: 404-422.

Christopher Gore & Govind Gopakumar. 2015. “Urban reform and Infrastructure: Understanding the relationship in cities of Africa and India,” Journal of Urban Affairs, 37(5), pp. 548-567.

Eric Omeziri & Christopher Gore. 2014. “Temporary Measures: Canadian Refugee Policy & Environmental Migration,” Refuge: Canada’s Journal on Refugees 29:2, 43-53.

Christopher Gore and Nansozi Muwanga. 2014. “Decentralization is dead, long live decentralization! Capital city reform and political rights in Kampala, Uganda“, International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 38(6), pp. 2201-2216.

Christopher Gore, Pamela Robinson, & Richard Stren. 2012. “Governance and climate change: Assessing and Learning from Canadian Cities” In Cities and climate change: Responding to an urgent agenda (Vol. 2 of 2), edited by Daniel Hoornweg, Mila Freire, Marcus J. Lee, Perinaz Bhada-Tata and Belinda Yuen. World Bank: Washington DC, pp. 498-523.

Nancy Karanja, Fiona Yeudall, Mary Njenga, Samwel Mbugua, Gordon Prain, Donald Cole, Aimee Webb, Jennier Levy, Christopher D. Gore, and Daniel Sellen. 2010. “Strengthening Capacity for Sustainable Livelihoods and Food Security through Urban Agriculture among HIV and AIDS affected Households in Nakuru, Kenya“, International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability, Vol. 8, No. 1&2, pp. 40-53.

Christopher Gore. 2010. “The limits and opportunities of networks: Municipalities and Canadian climate policy“, Review of Policy Research, Vol. 27, No. 1, pp. 27-46.

Christopher Gore and Pamela Robinson. 2009. “Local Government Responses to Climate Change: Our Last, Best Hope?” in Changing Climates in North American Politics: Institutions, Policymaking and Multilevel Governance“, edited by Henrik Selin and Stacy D. VanDeveer. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 137-158. Role: First Author.

Christopher Gore and Peter Stoett (eds.). 2009. Environmental Challenges and Opportunities: Local-Global Perspectives on Canadian Issues. Toronto: Emond.

Christopher Gore. 2008. “Healthy urban food production and local government” in Healthy City Harvests: Generating evidence to guide policy on urban agriculture, edited by Donald Cole, Diana Lee-Smith, and George Nasinyama. Lima, Peru: CIP/Urban Harvest and Makerere University Press, pp. 49-65.

Christopher Gore. 2008. “Electricity and Privatization in Uganda: The origins of crisis and problems with response” in Electric Capitalism: Recolonizing Africa on the Power Grid, edited by David McDonald. Cape Town, South Africa: Human Sciences Research Council (HSRC) Press, and London: Pluto Press, pp. 359-399.