Logo for Climate Social Science Network (CSSN)


John Cook

University of Melbourne

Based in


John Cook obtained his PhD at the University of Western Australia, studying the cognitive psychology of climate science denial. His research focus is understanding and countering science denial, using critical thinking and inoculation to build public resilience against misinformation.

Country(ies) of Specialty

Australia United States

Focus areas of expertise

Communications research

How to Connect



Lewandowsky, S., Armaos, K., Bruns, H., Schmid, P., Holford, D. L., Hahn, U., … & Cook, J. (2022). When science becomes embroiled in conflict: Recognizing the public’s need for debate while combating conspiracies and misinformation. The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 700(1), 26-40.

Kelly, R., Elsler, L. G., Polejack, A., van der Linden, S., Tönnesson, K., Schoedinger, S. E., Santoro, F., Pecl, G., Palmgren, M., Mariani, P., Glithero, D., Evans, K., Bartram, J., Cvitanovic, C., Cook, J., Wisz, M. (2022). Empowering young people with climate and ocean science: Five strategies for adults to consider. One Earth.

Cook, J., Ecker, U. K. H., Trecek-King, M., Schade, G., Jeffers-Tracy, K., Fessmann, J., Kim, S. C., Kinkead, D., Orr, M., Vraga, E., Roberts, K., & McDowell, J. (2022). The Cranky Uncle game—Combining humor and gamification to build student resilience against climate misinformation. Environmental Education Research, 1-17.

Cook, J. (2022). Teaching about Our Climate Crisis: Combining Games and Critical Thinking to Fight Misinformation. American Educator, 45(4), 12.

Cook, J. (2022). Understanding and avoiding false balance media coverage of climate change. In Harwardt, D., Barthel, L., Schumann, N., Brix, R., Böttiger, T. (Eds.), Media in the Climate Crisis (pp. 65-72). Oekom.

Ecker, U. K. H., Lewandowsky, S., Cook, J., Schmid, P., Fazio, L. K., Nadia Brashier, N., Kendeou, P., Vraga, E. K., & Amazeen, M. A. (2022). The cognitive and social drivers of misinformation belief, persistence, and correction. Nature Reviews Psychology, 1(1), 13-29.

Swire-Thompson, B., Cook, J., Butler, L. H., Sanderson, J. A., Stephan Lewandowsky, S., Ecker, U. K. H. (2021). Evidence for a Limited Role of Correction Format when Debunking Misinformation. Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications, 6(1), 1-15.

Ecker, U. K. H., Lewandowsky, S., Kurz, T., Hurlstone, M. J., Butler, L. H., Cook, J., & Facer, K. (2021). COVID-19 and climate change—Present discourse and future pathways. Healthy Environments and Living Conference, HEAL 2021, Canberra, November 17-18.

Coan, T. G., Boussalis, C., Cook, J., & Nanko, M. O. (2021). Computer-assisted detection and classification of misinformation about climate change. Scientific Reports, 11(22320).

Myers, K. F., Doran, P. T., Cook, J., Kotcher, J., & Myers, T. A. (2021). Consensus revisited: quantifying scientific agreement on climate change and climate expertise among Earth scientists 10 years later, Environmental Research Letters, 16(10), 104030.

Cook, J. (2021). Cranky Uncle: a game building resilience against climate misinformation. Plus Lucis, 3(2021), 13-16.

McKasy, M., Cacciatore, M. A., Yeo, S. K., Zhang, J. S., Cook, J., & Olaleye, R. M. (2021, August). The Impact of Emotion and Humor on Support for Global Warming Action. Annual Conference of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC), New Orleans, LA (virtual).

van der Linden, S., Dixon, G., Clarke, C., & Cook, J. (2021). Inoculating against COVID-19 vaccine misinformation. EClinicalMedicine. doi:10.1016/j.eclinm.2021.100772Compton, J., van der Linden, S., Cook, J., & Basol, M. (2021). Inoculation theory in the post‐truth era: Extant findings and new frontiers for contested science, misinformation, and conspiracy theories. Annals of the International Communication Association. https://doi.org/10.1111/spc3.12602

Lewandowsky, S., Armaos, K., Bruns, H., Schmid, P., Holford, D. L., Hahn, U., Al-Rawi, U., Sah, S., Cook, J., Juanchich, M., & Ladyman, J. (2022). COVID-19: Conspiracies and Collateral Damage vs Constructive Critique. The Cognitive Science of Belief: A Multidisciplinary Approach, 374.

Orr, M., Maibach, E., Cook, J., & Lewandowsky, S. (2022). Climate Myth Debunking for Broadcast Meteorologists. Available at https://www.climatechangecommunication.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/01/Climate-Myth-Debunking-for-Broadcast-Meteorologists.pdf

Lewandowsky, S., Cook, J., Schmid, P., Holford, D. L., Finn, A., Leask, J., Thomson, A., Lombardi, D., Al-Rawi, A. K., Amazeen, M. A., Anderson, E. C., Armaos, K. D., Betsch, C., Bruns, H. H. B., Ecker, U. K. H., Gavaruzzi, T., Hahn, U., Herzog, S., Juanchich, M., Kendeou, P., Newman, E. J., Pennycook, G., Rapp, D. N., Sah, S., Sinatra, G. M., Tapper, K., Vraga, E. K (2021). The COVID-19 Vaccine Communication Handbook. A practical guide for improving vaccine communication and fighting misinformation. Available at: https://sks.to/c19vax

Cook, J. (2020). Cranky Uncle vs. Climate Change: How to Understand and Respond to Climate Science Deniers. New York, NY: Citadel Press.