Photo of Prakash Kashwan

Prakash Kashwan

Brandeis University
United States
Email pkashwan [at] brandeis [period/dot] edu

Prakash Kashwan is an Associate Professor of Environmental Studies at Brandeis University, where his research and teaching focuses on environmental and climate justice, climate governance, environmental policies and institutions, and the commons. He is the author of Democracy in the Woods: Environmental Conservation and Social Justice in India, Tanzania, and Mexico (Oxford University Press, 2017), Editor of Climate Justice in India (Cambridge University Press, 2022), and one of the Editors at the journal Environmental Politics. He serves on the editorial advisory boards of Earth Systems GovernanceProgress in Development Studies, and Sage Open. His public-facing writings have appeared in popular venues, such as the Conversation, the Guardian, Al-Jazeera, and the Washington Post.

Prakash Kashwan’s website.


Stephens JC, Kashwan P, McLaren D, Surprise K. 2021. “The Dangers of Mainstreaming Solar Geoengineering: A critique of the National Academies Report,” Environmental Politics. October 18, 2021:1-10.

Kashwan P, V. Duffy R, Massé F, Asiyanbi Adeniyi P, Marijnen E. 2021. “From Racialized Neocolonial Global Conservation to an Inclusive and Regenerative Conservation,” Environment: Science and Policy for Sustainable Development, 63:4, 4-19.

Stephens JC, Kashwan P, McLaren D, Surprise K. 2021. “The risks of solar geoengineering research,” Science. 2021;372(6547):1161-1161.

Kashwan, Prakash, Biermann, Frank, Gupta, Aarti & Okereke, Chuks 2020. “Planetary justice: Prioritizing the poor in earth system governance.” Earth System Governance.

Kashwan, Prakash. 2020. “Management in the Guise of Governance? Rethinking the Ends and The Means of Natural Resource Governance” In Fiona Nunan (editor). Governing Renewable Resources. Oxon, UK: Routledge. 19-43

Gupta, Aarti, I. Möller, F. Biermann, S. Jinnah, P. Kashwan, V. Mathur, D.R. Morrow, S. Nicholson. (2020): “Anticipatory governance of solar geoengineering: Conflicting visions of the future and their links to governance proposals. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 45: 10-19.

Kashwan, P., L.M. MacLean, and G.A. García-López. 2019. “Rethinking Power and Institutions in the Shadows of Neoliberalism: (an Introduction to a Special Issue of World Development).” World Development 120: 133-46.

Holahan, R., and P. Kashwan. 2019. “Disentangling the Rhetoric of Public Goods from Their Externalities: The Case of Climate Engineering.” Global Transitions 1: 132-40.

Jinnah, S., S. Nicholson, D.R. Morrow, Z. Dove, P. Wapner, W. Valdivia, L.P. Thiele, C. McKinnon, A. Light, M. Lahsen, P. Kashwan, A. Gupta, A. Gillespie, R. Falk, K. Conca, D. Chong, and N. Chhetri. 2019. “Governing Climate Engineering: A Proposal for Immediate Governance of Solar Radiation Management.” Sustainability 11: 3954.

Kashwan, Prakash. 2017. “Inequality, Democracy, and the Environment: A Cross-National Analysis Ecological Economics. 131: 139–151

Kashwan, Prakash, and Robert Holahan. 2017. “Nested Governance for Effective REDD+: Institutional and Political Arguments In Daniel H. Cole and Michael D. McGinnis (eds). Elinor Ostrom and the Bloomington School of Political Economy: A Framework for Policy Analysis (Volume 3) New York, NY: Lexington Books. 275-300. (originally published in 2014 in International Journal of the Commons, 8 (2).

Kashwan, Prakash. 2016. “Integrating Power in Institutional Analysis: A Micro-Foundation Perspective Journal of Theoretical Politics, 28(1): 5-26.

Kashwan, Prakash. 2016. “Power Asymmetries and Institutions: Landscape Conservation in Central India Regional Environmental Change, 16: S97–S109

Kashwan, Prakash. 2016. “What Explains the Demand for Collective Forest Rights Amidst Land Use Conflicts? Journal of Environmental Management, 183, 657-666.

Kashwan, Prakash. 2015. “Forest Policies, Institutions, and REDD+ in India, Tanzania, and Mexico Global Environmental Politics, 15(3): 95-117.

Kashwan, Prakash. 2013. “The Politics of Rights-based Approaches in Conservation Land Use Policy, 31: 613-626.

Media Coverage

Climate Change: The New Normal Is Not Yet Here,” by Anji Seth, Mark Urban And CSSN Scholar Prakash Kashwan, The Wire Science. August 28, 2021.

Resisting the Cynical Politics of Climate Negotiations,” Prakash Kashwan, Praneeta Mudaliar. Planet Politics Institute. April 27, 2021.

CSSN Scholars Prakash Kashwan and Kevin Surprise were quoted in Earther speaking about the recent National Academies report on solar geoengineering, The U.S. Is One Step Closer to Establishing a Research Program to Block the Sun. Earther, March 25,2021.

Prakash Kashwan comments on the direction of geoengineering research. “Should We Block the Sun? Scientists Say the Time Has Come to Study It.”, New York Times, March 25, 2021.

Prakash Kashwan was featured in an article on PNAS Online. “But not all communities in India and elsewhere in the Global South can exercise the kinds of land rights that the villages in this study do, notes Prakash Kashwan, a social scientist specializing in international environmental policy at the University of Connecticut in Storrs. Additional predictive indicators related to social and economic inequality would further strengthen the framework proposed by these authors, he says.”

To predict the success of tree-planting schemes, look to villagers’ involvement,” Journal Club. National Academy of Sciences. January 29, 2021. 

Prakash Kashwan’s essay, American environmentalism’s racist roots have shaped global thinking about conservation, in The Conversation was referred to in the Earth Island Journal’s “The Most Important Environmental Stories of 2020,” September 2, 2020

Prakash Kashwan was interviewed by the New Hampshire Public Radio for their podcast Outside/In. “Setting up of the exclusionary wildlife zones and national parks is determined not by the consideration of environmental factors, but by the existence of domestic inequality…..Prakash analyzed data from 137 countries… and found that democratic countries with low economic inequality are likely to devote less land towards conservation… and countries with the most protected areas…have very high levels of economic inequalities… and second, these are countries with very poor to non-existent democratic institutions. So they’re mostly autocratic countries.”

Fortress Conservation,” Outside/In Podcast, November 5, 2020. 

Prakash Kashwan was quoted extensively in Down To Earth, comparing Mexico’s, forest governance that has been relatively more successful in meeting the twin goals of “protecting the environment and the statutory rights of forest-dependent people….The main reason for such success is that the actions of the Mexican forest and environment ministry are often scrutinised by independent ministerial-level agencies. India’s forest department has been accustomed to an unquestioned authority because of the colonial legacies of the Indian Forest Act, 1927,” he said.

Inter-Ministerial Panel for FRA: A Giant Step Backwards, Say Experts,” Down To Earth. October 23, 2020