Photo of Stephan Lewandowsky

Stephan Lewandowsky

University of Bristol
United Kingdom
Email stephan.lewandowsky [at] bristol [period/dot]

Stephan Lewandowsky is a cognitive scientist at the University of Bristol. His research explores these major streams:
(1) People’s responses to misinformation and propaganda, and how corrections affect our memory.
(2) Why people reject well-established scientific facts, such as climate change or the effectiveness of vaccinations.
(3) The potential conflict between human cognition and the physics of global climate change, which has led him into collaborative research in climate science and climate modeling.

Stephan holds an honorary position as a Visiting Scientist at the CSIRO Oceans, Atmosphere laboratory in Hobart, Tasmania.

Stephan Lewandowsky’s website.


Stephan Lewandowsky. Forthcoming. “Climate Change, Disinformation, and How to Combat It,” Annual Review of Public Health (Forthcoming).

Stephan Lewandowksy, John Cook, & Ulrich K.H. Ecker et al. 2020. “The Debunking Handbook 2020,” Center for Climate Change Communication, George Mason University (2020).

Stephan Lewandowksy & John Cook. 2020. “The Conspiracy Theory Handbook,” George Mason University Center for Climate Change Communication (2020).

Stephan Lewandowsky. 2020. “The ‘post-truth’ world, misinformation, and information literacy: A perspective from cognitive science.” In Informed societies‒why information literacy matters for citizenship, participation and democracy, London, UK: Facet Publishing (January 2020).

Stephan Lewandowsky. 2018. “In whose hands the future?” In Conspiracy theories and the people who believe them, Oxford: Oxford University Press (December 2018).

Stephan Lewandowsky, Ullrich K. H. Ecker, & John Cook. 2017. “Beyond Misinformation: Understanding and Coping with the “Post-Truth” Era,” Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition (December 2017).

Joseph E. Uscinski, Karen Douglas, & Stephan Lewandowsky. 2017. “Climate Change Conspiracy Theories,” Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science (September 2017).

John Cook, Ullrich K. H. Ecker, & Stephan Lewandowsky. 2015. “Misinformation and its correction.” Emerging Trends in the Social and Behavioral Sciences, Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley and Sons (January 2015).

Media Coverage

Stephan Lewandowsky quoted on the link between COVID-19 and climate denial by Zak Derler. How the UK’s Climate Science Deniers Turned Their Attention to COVID-19,” DeSmog UK, August 10, 2020.

Stephan Lewandowsky interviewed by Sophia Ignatidou. Interview with Stephan Lewandowsky, cognitive scientist at the University of Bristol,” European Science Media Hub, June 19, 2020.

Stephan Lewandowsky interviewed by Tory Shepherd on conspiracy theory psychology. ‘It’s psychologically easier’: how anti-vaxxers capitalised on coronavirus fears to spread misinformation,” The Guardian, June 6, 2020.

Stephan Lewandowsky quoted by Brit Dawson. How to spot misinformation amid the Black Lives Matter protests,” Dazed, June 2, 2020.

Stephan Lewandowksy quoted by Bouchra Ouatik in Oui, il y a eu de véritables complots,” Radio-Canada, May 30, 2020.

Stephan Lewandowsky quoted by Derek Beres in The thin line between conspiracy theories and cult worship is dissolving,” Big Think, May 18, 2020.

Stephan Lewandowsky interviewed on conspiracy theories by Marshall Allen. ‘Immune to Evidence’: How Dangerous Coronavirus Conspiracies Spread,” ProPublica, May 17, 2020.

Stephan Lewandowsky’s research on flawed contrarian climate research featured by Paul Rosenberg. COVID-19, the Climate Crisis: Lessons To Be Learned,” Random Length News, April 17, 2020.

Stephan Lewandowsky quoted by Shannon Osaka in “‘Misinformation kills’: The link between coronavirus conspiracies and climate denial,” Grist, March 28, 2020.

Stephan Lewandowksy quoted by Jeremy Deaton in Coronavirus shows how to fight disinformation about climate change,” Fastcompany, March 26, 2020.

Stephan Lewandowsky interviewed on the psychology behind science denial. Live at AAAS: Stephan Lewandwosky on Science Denial,” Waste Not Why Not, March 24, 2020.

Stephan Lewandowksy quoted on YouTube’s role in promoting climate denial by Ciara Nugent. YouTube Has Been ‘Actively Promoting’ Videos Spreading Climate Denialism, According to New Report,” Time, January 16, 2020.

Why universities need to declare an ecological and climate emergency,” Jean S. Renouf et al., Times Higher Education, September 27, 2019.

Disinformation and human cognition,” Stephan Lewandowsky, Security and Human Rights Monitor, August 13, 2019.

Stephan Lewandowsky interviewed on reasons behind climate denial. Yes, it’s worth arguing with climate change deniers and anti-vaxxers – sometimes,” 3cr, July 8, 2019.

Stephan Lewandowksy quoted on climate denial’s effectiveness in misinforming the public by Maggie Koerth. Why Good Politics And Good Climate Science Don’t Mix,” Five Thirty Eight, March 4, 2019.

Stephan Lewandowsky quoted on misrepresentation of climate statistics by Mark Kaufman.Scientists slam door on the alleged ‘pause’ in global warming,” Mashable, December 19, 2018.

Stephan Lewandowsky’s research on missing climate statistics featured by Phil McKenna. That Global Warming Hiatus? It Never Happened. Two New Studies Explain Why,” Inside Climate News, December 19, 2018.

Stephan Lewandowsky quoted on the fear behind climate denial by Eve Andrews. The real fear behind climate conspiracy theories,” Grist, April 6, 2018.

Public Debate, Scientific Skepticism, and Science Denial,” Stephan Lewandowsky, Michael Mann, Nicholas J.L. Brown, & Harris L. Friedman, Skeptical Inquirer, 2017.

Stephan Lewandowsky’s research on climate denial blogs featured by Gabriel Popkin. Revealing the Methods of Climate-Doubting Blogs,” Inside Science, November 30, 2017.

Stephan Lewandowsky quoted on methods of climate denial by Marianna Lavelle.5 Shades of Climate Denial, All on Display in the Trump White House,” Inside Climate News, June 9, 2017.

How to Combat the Distrust of Science,” Sander van der Linden & Stephan Lewandowsky, Scientific American, April 28, 2015.